Diabetes is a growing global health concern. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that over 30 million people are affected by diabetes in the United States.₁ Diabetes can affect many parts of the body, and if left uncontrolled, it may lead to complications. 然而, 糖尿病患者, together with their healthcare team, 家庭, 支持网络, can reduce the risk of complications by maintaining their blood sugar within a healthy range. Blood pressure and lipids (such as cholesterol and triglycerides) may also be monitored frequently by your healthcare provider (HCP).₂
- 参考文献1. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2017. 亚特兰大,乔治亚州: Center for Disease Control and Prevention, US Dept 健康 and Human 服务; 2017 2. 美国糖尿病 协会(ADA). Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes. Diabetes Care 2019;42(Suppl 1):S1-S193
Living with diabetes may seem complicated, but understanding it can help you take control. 注意事项:
- Eating healthy food in healthy amounts
- Managing your stress effectively
- Taking your 药物 (if needed) as prescribed by your health care provider (HCP)
- Visiting your HCP and healthcare team members per your regimen
- Getting all necessary laboratory tests done
Think about what you may want to talk with your healthcare team about:
- What is your blood sugar at different times of the day?
- How is your blood sugar control over time?
- What tests do you need to find out if you are developing any complications?
A blood sugar (or blood glucose) test tells you how much sugar is in your blood at the moment it is tested. One way to find out the amount of sugar in your blood is to get a blood test in a doctor’s office. Another way to find out is to test it yourself. This is called self-monitoring or self-testing. Many factors affect your blood sugar levels every day. Testing your blood sugar may indicate if your meal plan, 药物治疗, and physical activity levels are working to help you manage your diabetes.
Who Should Test Their Own Blood Sugar?
血糖测试 is important for everyone with diabetes. People living with diabetes can learn how to test their own blood sugar using a blood glucose monitoring system.
How Can Blood Sugar Self-Testing Help You?
When you self-test regularly, you may learn what makes your blood sugar too high or too low. With the help of your healthcare team, you can make adjustments to your meal plan, 药物, and physical activity levels that will help you better control your diabetes. When you keep your blood sugar in a normal range, you lower your risk of developing problems with your heart, 眼睛。, 肾脏, 大脑, 脚, and nerves that can occur because of diabetes.₃
The 美国糖尿病 协会(ADA) recommends nutrition therapy for all people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Consult with your healthcare team to find a Registered Dietician Nutritionist (RDN - an expert in nutrition) or other qualified HCP, who can personalize your meal plan to fit your individual needs. Within the first 6 months of your diabetes diagnosis, you should meet with your RDN 3 to 4 times. Don’t hesitate to ask for help with your meal plan. Many health insurance plans cover nutrition and diabetes education sessions.₈
参考:8. Vojta D, Koehler TB, Longjohn M, Lever JA, Caputo NF. 协调一致的国家 Model for Diabetes Prevention Linking 健康 Systems to an Evidence-Based Community 程序. Am J Prev Med 2013;44(4S4):S301–S306.
Exercise is an important part of the diabetes management plan. Regular exercise has been shown to improve blood glucose control, reduce cardiovascular risk factors (blood pressure and cholesterol), 有助于减肥, and improve well-being (reduce stress and increase energy levels).₉ Always talk with your healthcare provider before starting any exercise program.
Click here to access a Know Your™ 健康y Steps guide with tips for calculating your steps per day, making a plan to meet your goal steps, and getting in your steps – anytime, 在任何地方.
参考:9. 美国糖尿病 协会(ADA). Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes. Diabetes Care 2019;42(Suppl 1):S1-S193.